Delta Research And Global Observation Network (DRAGON)

Deltas in Crisis
  • Tropical Cyclone Nargis

    Deltas in Crisis: IRRAWADDY

    Tropical Cyclone Nargis formed into a tropical cyclone on 27 April 2008, in the central Bay of Bengal about 360 miles off the southeast coast of India. On 2 May 2008 Tropical Cyclone Nargis made landfall near Cape Negrais on the coast of Myanmar (Burma) with sustained winds of 130 mph and gusts of 150-160 mph, which is the equivalent of a strong Category 3 or minimal Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale. The storm maintained its strength as it tracked across the Ayeyarwady Delta on its way towards the capital city of Yangon (Rangoon). As of 26 May 2008, the official death count is 77,738 confirmed dead with 55,917 missing and 19,359 injured. The United Nations has estimated that up to 2 million people have been affected by the storm.

    C|Net News, 2008, Satellites Follow Killer Cyclone
    Abstract: Image gallery includes satellite images from April 15, 2008 through May 5, 2008 of the Irrawaddy Delta area and Myanmar (Burma). Also shown are total rainfall and storm intensity maps, precipitation, cloud temperature, and a 3D image of Cyclone Nargis.

    Nelson, Janice, 2008, Landsat Satellite Imagery Used to Assess the Impact of Myanmar’s Cyclone Nargis: U.S. Geological Survey Press Release.
    Abstract: USGS is providing Landsat satellite imagery to aid rescue and recovery efforts in Myanmar in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis's landfall on May 3. International emergency response teams are using the Landsat images to assess the extent of flood damage caused by the cyclone in the affected region. The first maps of the area derived from the Landsat satellite were provided to waiting agencies within hours of the initial request. The USGS provides Landsat imagery to other participating agencies under an agreement known as the International Charter Space and Major Disasters (Space Charter).

    NOAA Satellite and Information Service, 2008, Nargis—Tropical Rainfall Potential (TRaP)
    Abstract: Web site shows rainfall data from the RSMC India Meteorological Agency (DEMS) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC).

    The Irrawaddy (magazine)
    Abstract: Magazine site includes mortality statistics, the number estimated to be injured or missing as a result of Cyclone Nargis, and international aid contributions.

    UNICEF: The United Nations Children's Fund , 2008, Aid for Myanmar’s Children
    Abstract: Site includes text, audio, and video reports on the situation in Myanmar after Tropical Cyclone Nargis, a Category 4 storm with sustained winds of 130 mph and gusts up to 160 mph, hit Myanmar (Burma) on May 3, 2008. The low-lying Irrawaddy Delta is the hardest-hit area.

    United States Agency for International Development (USAID), 2008, Cyclone Nargis
    Abstract: Web site provides information on humanitarian assistance, health, food, sanitation, logistics, missing persons and mortality statistics, along with links to additional resources.

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